Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-22, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 20 January, 2022 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2022.


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Community college

core definition

A community college, in the USA, is an intermediate college between compulsory education and higher education, although it offers some programmes that may be defined as higher education.

explanatory context

Community colleges are similar to further education colleges in the UK. They cater for a range of educational levels, some of it at foundation or early-year equivalents of higher education programmes. They do not award full-degrees.

analytical review

Northeast Texas Network Consortium (NTNC) (2002) defines:

Community college: A two-year traditional school, offering programs leading to the Associate's degree and, typically, many noncredit courses in arts, crafts, and vocational fields for community members not seeking a degree. Also called junior college.


Chen (2008), in Community College Review, defines:

A community college (also known as a junior college) is a higher education institution that provides a two year curriculum that can include leading to an associate’s degree. Other programs in place include a transfer program towards a four year degree and occupational programs (one and two year programs of study). Besides coursework focusing on academic programs, courses are also often offered at the community college for personal growth or development.

associated issues

Participation rates

In the US, figures for participation rates in higher education include participation at community college level. This tends to inflate the US participation rate in comparison with other countries that exclude further education level students. Including community college students is, for example, in contrast with the UK, where only those students embarked on a degree programme affiliated to a higher education institution, but studying in the further education sector, are included.

related areas

See also

Further education


Chen, G., 2008, What is a Community College?, Community College Review, 24 January 2008, available at, accessed 20 September 2012, still available 21 June 2019.

Northeast Texas Network Consortium (NTNC), 2002, Distance Learning College Glossary. , accessed 20 September 2012, still available 31 December 2016, not available 20 June 2019.

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2022

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