Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-22, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 20 January, 2022 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2022.


Novel Recipes



Content standards

core definition

Content standards are the codification of an expected or prescribed curriculum.

explanatory context

Content standards are similar to benchmark statements. One role of content standards is to make transparent the curriculum incuding the skills that students should develop.

analytical review

Wojtczak (2002) referring to medicine states:

Content standards or curriculum standards describe skills, knowledge, attitudes and values; what teachers are supposed to "teach" and students are expected to learn. Thus the content standards define what is to be taught and learned. Content standards can be also defined as "essential (core) requirements" that the medical curriculum should meet to equip physicians with the knowledge, skills and attitudes necessary at the time of graduation. .


The National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA (undated) have a definition of standards in history as follows:

Standards in history make explicit the goals that all students should have opportunity to acquire… In history, standards are of two types: 1. Historical thinking skills that enable students to evaluate evidence, develop comparative and causal analyses, interpret the historical record, and construct sound historical arguments and perspectives on which informed decisions in contemporary life can be based. 2. Historical understandings that define what students should know about the history of their nation and of the world. These understandings are drawn from the record of human aspirations, strivings, accomplishments, and failures in at least five spheres of human activity: the social, political, scientific/technological, economic, and cultural (philosophical/religious/aesthetic). They also provide students the historical perspectives required to analyze contemporary issues and problems confronting citizens today.

McBrien & Brandt (1997, p. 93) state:

Content standards cover what students are to learn in various subject areas, such as mathematics and science.

Georgia Department of Education (2009, p. 4) define content standards as follows:

content standard simply tells the teacher what a student is expected to know (e.g., what concepts he or she is expected to master) and be able to do.

Vlãsceanu et al., (2007, pp. 92–93) state:

Content Standards: level of core competences. relevant knowledge, and skills within a subject area, i.e. everything a student should know and be able to do. Content standards shape what goes into the curriculum and refer to required inputs.

associated issues

related areas

See also

benchmark statement




Georgia Department of Education, 2009, Georgia Performance Standards, Theatre Arts Education 18 June 2009, available at, accessed 20 July 2012, still available 21 June 2019.

McBrien, J.L. and Brandt, R.S. 1997, The Language of Learning: A Guide to Education Terms, Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

National Center for History in the Schools, UCLA, Definition of Standards, available at, accessed 23 July 2012, page not available 31 December 2016.

Vlãsceanu, L.,  Grünberg, L., and Pârlea, D., 2007,  Quality Assurance and Accreditation: A Glossary of Basic Terms and Definitions ( Bucharest , UNESCO-CEPES) Revised and updated edition. ISBN 92-9069-186-7, available at , accessed 19 June 2019.

Wojtczak, A., 2002, Glossary of Medical Education Terms,, December, 2000, Revised February 2002, accessed 2 September 2012, page not available 30 December 2016.

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2022

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