Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-21, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 18 June, 2021 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2021.


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Cooperative education

core definition

Cooperative education rative education includes work experience as part of the learning experience.

explanatory context

In some countries cooperative education is referred to as sandwich programmes or internship.

analytical review

The site of the Common Data Set of U.S. Higher Education Terminology (2010) states:

Cooperative (work-study plan) program: A program that provides for alternate class attendance and employment in business, industry, or government. 

The Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC) [South Africa] (2004, p. 26) defined:

Co-operative education: A philosophy of learning that promotes the concept of enhanced learning based on co-operation between education institutions and industry, commerce and the public sector. 

associated issues

related areas

See also

work-based learning

work experience

work-related learning



Common Data Set of U.S. Higher Education Terminology, 2010, Glossary, available at, updated 10 November 2010, accessed 20 September 2012, page not available 31 December 2016.

Council on Higher Education, Higher Education Quality Committee (HEQC), 2004, Criteria for Institutional Audits, April (Pretoria, Council on Higher Education).

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2021

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