Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-21, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 18 June, 2021 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2021.


Novel Recipes



Process standards

core definition

Process standards specify the provision that enables students to learn appropriately so that they may meet expected performance standards or or assessment requirements.

explanatory context

Process standards are in effect a subset of organisational standards.

analytical review

Wojtczak (2002) states:

Process or opportunity-to-learn standards define availability of staff and other resources necessary for the medical school so that students will be able to meet content and performance standards.


Mueller (2011) states:

Process Standards: Statements that describe skills students should develop to enhance the process of learning. Process standards are not specific to a particular discipline, but are generic skills that are applicable to any discipline (e.g., students will find and evaluate relevant information). Contrast with Content Standards and Value Standards.

McBrien & Brandt (1997, p. 93) state:

Opportunity-to-learn standards state the conditions and resources necessary to give all students an equal chance to meet performance standards.

associated issues

related areas

See also



organisational standards


standards monitoring


McBrien, J.L. and Brandt, R.S. 1997, The Language of Learning: A Guide to Education Terms, Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development.

Mueller, J., 2016, Authentic Assessment Toolbox; Glossary at, accessed 4 January 2017, still available 29 June 2019.

Wojtczak, A., 2002, Glossary of Medical Education Terms,, December, 2000, Revised February 2002, accessed 2 September 2012, page not available 30 December 2016.

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2021

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