Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-21, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 18 June, 2021 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2021.


Novel Recipes




core definition

1. Review is generic term for any process that explores the quality of higher education.

2. Review refers to explorations of quality that do not result in judgements or decisions.

explanatory context

Review in its generic meaning includes all forms of quality monitoring (both internal and external) including audit, assessment and accreditation processes, teaching and research evaluations and standards monitoring including external examining.


In its more limited meaning, there is an implication that review is formative and designed to encourage or aid improvement.

analytical review

An example of the generic use of review is the following from the Open University (UK):

Since 1993, as with all Universities and Colleges of Higher Education in the UK, the Open University has been subject to reviews of the quality of academic provision and standards of awards at institutional level, subject level and also of collaborative partnerships by the Higher Education Quality Council and latterly by the Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education. (OU, 2004)


The International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE, 2001, p.2) equates review with evaluation.


Campbell and Rozsnyai, (2002, p. 133) equate review with assessment:

Quality review: Same as quality assessment.


They furthermore quote ETF (1998, p. 12) by saying review is::

Evaluation but including its external dimension.  (Campbell & Rozsnyai, 2002, p. 133)


Within institutions, review tends to be undertaken on an annual cycle as apart of ongoing internal monitoring of provision. Thus, for example,

Annual Review conducted by the UMIST Educational Standards Committee, which circulates an evaluation form to departments for undergraduate and postgraduate taught programmes. The forms ask questions on issues such as teaching quality assurance, quality in teaching, quality of intake, student failure rate and response to External Examiners' report forms. The ESC considers the forms, in conjunction with External Examiners' report forms for each Department, and makes recommendations regarding improvements and issues for departments and UMIST to consider. (UMIST, 2001)

associated issues


related areas

See also

periodic review



Campbell, C. & Rozsnyai, C., 2002, Quality Assurance and the Development of Course Programmes. Papers on Higher Education Regional University Network on Governance and Management of Higher Education in South East Europe Bucharest, UNESCO.

European Training Foundation (ETF), 1998, Quality Assurance in Higher Education:  Manual of Quality Assurance in Higher Education: Procedures and Practices (Turin: European Training Foundation).

International Network of Quality Assurance Agencies in Higher Education (INQAAHE), 2001, Annex: Clarification and Glossary, to a questionnaire conducted in December, 2001. This is no longer the site of INQAAHE, document not accessible online 4 February 2011 but can be seen here.

Open University, 2004, External Review, Policy Development Group: LTO Quality Assurance Office Website, not available 25 January 2012.

Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA), undated, Glossary, available at, accessed 10 January 2017.

University of Manchester Institute of Science and Technology UMIST, 2001, Annex 1: Glossary, UM/DG/005 available at, posted 30 August 2001. No longer at this address, 2 February 2011. UMIST merged with the Victoria University of Manchester to form the University of Manchester on 22 October 2004.

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2021

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