Analytic Quality Glossary


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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2004-21, Analytic Quality Glossary, Quality Research International,

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 22 September, 2021 , © Lee Harvey 2004–2021.


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core definition

A transcript is a printed or electronic record of student achievement while in higher education.

explanatory context

It is also referred to as an academic transcript.

analytical review

The University of Ballarat, Australia, (2004) states:

An Academic Transcript is a record of a student's results for the duration of the student's enrolment at the University.


Charles Sturt University, Division of Student Administration (2011) defines an academic transcript as:

An official statement of a student's academic record in a course.


The Indiana College Network, US, (2007) defines a transcript as:

student record of grades, courses completed, and advancement toward a degree or toward the completion of a program.

The Northeast Texas Network Consortium (NTNC, 2002) states:

Transcript: A list of all the courses a student has taken with the grades that the student earned in each course. A college will often require a high school transcript when a student applies for admission to the college.


Transcripts are also part of the development of Progress Files in the UK. The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) (2004) describes transcript as follows:

·      The transcript provides a comprehensive verifiable record of the learning and achievement of an individual learner;

·      transcripts should also provide learners with a record of their learning while they are studying; a formative statement that should help students monitor and reflect on their progress, and plan their further academic development;

·      the Guidelines for HE progress files, … encourage higher education institutions to introduce a transcript, that includes a consistent data set, by 2001/2002, but notes that the use of such a transcript would not be expected until 2002/2003.[It is not clear whether this has been implemented to schedule across the sector]

associated issues


related areas

See also

personal development planning

progress files


Charles Sturt University, Division of Student Administration, 2011, Glossary of Terms, available at accessed 31 January 2011, not available 28 January 2012.

Indiana College Network (ICN), 2007, ‘Glossary', last modified 14 October, 2003. Address of 'Glossary' at 28 January 2012 is, updated 15 February 2007. Definition unchanged from 2003 version. Accessed 22 September 2012, still available 11 January 2017.

Northeast Texas Network Consortium (NTNC), 2002, Distance Learning College Glossary. , accessed 20 September 2012, still available 11 January 2017.

Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA), 2004, Publications: Progress files for Higher Education, not available at this address 9 February 2011.

University of Ballarat, Australia, (2004) Administrative & Academic Support Portfolio, Student Services, Academic Transcripts. Last updated 30 August, 2004, not available at this address 9 February 2011.

copyright Lee Harvey 2004–2021

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