First, structured in-depth interviews do not have pre-coded answers. The questions are framed as 'open' questions that encourage the respondent to talk at some length about the specific area of interest. This was the approach used by Cynthia Cockburn (1985) in her study of men and women working with new computer technology, (see CASE STUDY: Using a checklist).
Second, unlike the scheduled interview, where all the respondents have the same basic set of questions, the structured in-depth interview is often customised for each respondent: Cockburn had different checklists for different occupational groups (see CASE STUDY: Using a checklist). Unlike social surveys, structured in-depth interviewing is not used to collect responses to specific questions that can be compared across the whole sample.
Third, because the responses are seen as 'subjective accounts' rather than 'objective answers' there is no requirement that the structured in-depth interviewer should use the exact wording of the question or the exact sequence of questions.
The extent to which structured and semi-structured in-depth interviews develop the frame of reference of the informant depends on the way the interviewer probes for information (See Section 184.108.40.206). If all data obtained is in response to predetermined questions, then, as with standardised structured/scheduled interviews, the data is unlikely to go beyond the researcher's own categories. However, if probes are more flexible and responsive to the informants' comments, they can draw out the informant's meanings, eliciting data that categorises experience in the informant's own terms.