RESEARCHING THE REAL WORLD



MAIN MENU

Basics

Orientation Observation In-depth interviews Document analysis and semiology Conversation and discourse analysis Secondary Data Surveys Experiments Ethics Research outcomes
Conclusion

References

Activities

Social Research Glossary

About Researching the Real World

Search

Contact

© Lee Harvey 2012–2017

Page updated 11 October, 2017

Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2012–2017, Researching the Real World, available at qualityresearchinternational.com/methodology
All rights belong to author.


 

A Guide to Methodology

Researching the Real World

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

References: H

Habermas, J., 1987, Knowledge and Human Interests. Translated by Shapiro, J.J. Cambridge, Polity. Cited in: 2.4.1.3.1, 2.4.1.3.2

Hakim, C., 1982, Secondary Analysis in Social Research: Guide to data sources and methods. London, HarperCollins. Cited in: 7.1, 7.3.2

Hall, S. et al., 1980, Culture, Media, Language (CCCS). London, Hutchinson. Cited in 5.6.1

Hall, S., 1980, 'Encoding/Decoding' in Hall, S., Hobson, D., Lowe, A. and Willis, P. (Eds.), Culture, Media, Language, London, Hutchinson, pp. 128–38. Cited in: 5.10.3

Hall. T, 2004, 'Through a glass darkly: undercover in low-pay Britain and America', Sociology 38(3) pp. 623–30. Cited in: 3.2.2

Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P., 1983, Ethnography: Principles in Practice. London, Routledge. Cited in: 1.11, CASE STUDY A method for reflexivity, 3.1, 3.3.1.5.4, 3.4.1, 3.5.3.2, CASE STUDY: Distorting the truth,

Hammersley, M. and Atkinson, P., 1995, Ethnography: Principles in Practice. London, Routledge (Second Edition). Cited in: 3.5.3.2,

Hammersley, M., 1990, Reading Ethnographic Research. London, Longman. Cited in: 3.3.1.5.4, 3.3.2.2.2, 3.3.2.3.2

Hammersley, M., 1990b, 'What's wrong with ethnography? The myth of theoretical description, Sociology, 24(4) pp. 597–615. Cited in: 3.1,

Hammersley, M., 1992, What's Wrong with Ethnography? Methodological explorations. London, Routledge. Cited in: 3.3.2.2.2, 3.3.2.3.2, 3.5.3.2, 4.3.3.3

Hammersley, M., 1995, The Politics of Social Research. London, Sage. Cited in: 2.4.1.3.3

Hammersley, M., 2003, ''Analytics' are no substitute for methodology: a response to Speer and Hutchby', Sociology, 37(2), pp. 339–51. Cited in: 3.5.3.2

Hammersley, M., 2008, 'Troubles with triangulation', in Bergman, M.M. (Ed.), Advances in Mixed Methods Research. London: Sage, pp. 22–36., available at http://oro.open.ac.uk/20474/2/troubles_with_triangulation.pdf, accessed 5 December 2012. Cited in: 1.15.5

Hammond, P.E. (Ed.), 1964, Sociologists at work: essays on the craft of social research, Garden City, New York: Doubleday. Cited in: 1.14.6

Hancock, B., 2002, An Introduction to Qualitative Research. Trent Focus Group. Cited in: 1.8.2, 1.8.3.1, 1.9.1.2

Haney C., Banks C. and Zimbardo P., 1973, 'A study of prisoners and guards in a simulated prison', reprinted in Potter et al., 1981, Society and the Social Sciences: An introduction. London, Routledge and Kegan Paul/Open University. Cited in: 9.1.5,

Hanna, P., 2012, 'Using internet technologies (such as Skype) as a research medium: a research note', Qualitative Research, 12(2), pp. 239–242. Cited in: 4.4.3.4.1

Harastzi, M., 1977, Red Star Tractor Factory. Cited in: 3.2.1.2,

Haraway, D., 1988, 'Situated knowledges: the science question in feminism and
the privilege of partial perspective', Feminist Studies, 14, pp. 575–99. Cited in 1.11,

Harding, S. (Ed.), 1987, Feminism and Methodology, Indiana University Press. Cited in: 2.4.1.5.2, 4.4.3.1.7

Harding, S., 1991, Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Milton Keynes, Open University Press. Cited in: 1.11, 2.3.1,

Hargittai, E. and Litt, E., 2011, 'The tweet smell of celebrity success: explaining variation in Twitter adoption among a diverse group of young adults', New Media and Society, 13(5), pp. 824–42. Cited in: 7.4.3.2

Hargreaves, D.H., Hester, S.K. and Mellor, F.J., 1975, Deviance in Classrooms, London, Routledge and Kegan Paul. Cited in: 4.3.2.3

Harre, R. and Gillett, G., 1994, The Discursive Mind, Newbury Park, CA, Sage.Cited in: 6.5.1

Harrison, S. and Ahmad, W.I.Q, 2000, 'Medical autonomy and the UK state: 1975 to 2025', Sociology, 34, pp. 129–46. Cited in 4.3.3.1

Hart, H., 1933, 'Changing social attitudes and interests' in Ogburn, M. (Ed.) 1933, Recent Social Trends in the United States, pp. 328–42 (New York, McGraw-Hill). Cited in: 5.6.2

Harvey, L. and Associates, 1997, Student Satisfaction Manual, Buckingham, Society for Research into Higher Education/ Open University Press. Cited in: 4.3.1.2, 4.4.3.6.2

Harvey, L. and Drew, S. with Smith, M., 2006, The First-Year Experience: Review of the research literature. York, Higher Education Academy. Cited in: 1.14.2

Harvey, L. and MacDonald, M., 1993, Doing Sociology: A practical introduction. London, Macmillan. Cited in: 2.4, 3.6.1

Harvey, L., Blackwell, A., Bowes, L. Aston, J., Geall, V., Moon, S., Pratt, B. and Plimmer, L., 1997, A Report of Staff Satisfaction at the University of Central England in Birmingham. Centre for Research into Quality, September. 4.4.3.6.5, 8.3.5.1

Harvey, L., Little, M., Turner, D., 1982, 'The perceptions of fans on the British soccer terrace', Crowd Behaviour Project, Paper 2, Birmingham Polytechnic. Cited in: 4.4.2.5, 4.4.4.1, 4.4.3.6.4

Harvey, L., Moon, S., Geall, V. with Bower, R., 1997, Graduates' Work: Organisational change and students' attributes. Birmingham, CRQ and AGR. Cited in CASE STUDY Graduate's Work,

Harvey, L., Wells, J. and Place, A., 1990, Sandwell Skills Audit. Report for the Economic Development Unit of Sandwell MBC. Cited in: CASE STUDY Sandwell Skills Audit,

Harvey, L., 1982, 'Use and abuse of Kuhnian paradigms in the sociology of knowledge', Sociology, 16, pp. 85–101. Cited in 2.2.1.7

Harvey, L., 1987, Myths of the Chicago School of Sociology. Aldershot, Avebury. Cited in: 2.3.1.2.1, 3.2.1.2, 4.4.4.1, 5.2, 5.8.3, CASE STUDY Personal Documents

Harvey, L., 1987a, 'Factors affecting response rates to mailed questionnaires: a comprehensive review of the literature', Journal of the Market Research Society, 29, 3, pp. 341–53. Cited in: 8.3.12.1

Harvey, L., 1990, Critical Social Research. London, Unwin Hyman/Routledge. Cited in: 2.4.1, 2.4.2.1

Harvey, L., 2000, The 2000 Report on the Student Experience at UCE. Birmingham, Centre for Research into Quality, UCE. Cited in: 4.4.3.6.5

Harvey, L., 2004, 'The power of accreditation: views of academics', Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, 26(2), pp. 207–23. Cited in: 4.4.3.4.2

Harvey, L., 2009, Review of Research Literature Focussed on Foundation Degrees. (Lichfiled, FDF). Cited in: 5.2

Haskell, M., 1974, From Reverence To Rape: The Treatment of Women in the Movies. New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston. Cited in: CASE STUDY Women's Pictures

Hatchett, S. and Schuman, H., 1975, 'White respondents and race-of-interviewer effects', Public Opinion Quarterly, 39, pp. 523–8. Cited in 8.3.10.2.7

Have, P. ten, 1998, Doing Conversation Analysis: A practical guide. London: Sage. Cited in: 3.5.3.2, 6.2.5,

Have, P. ten, 2005, 'Review essay. Conversation analysis versus other approaches to discourse. Robin Wooffitt (2005), Conversation Analysis and Discourse Analysis: A Comparative and Critical Introduction', Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung/Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 7(2), Article 3, available at http://www.qualitative-research.net/index.php/fqs/article/view/100/210, accessed 13 August 2013. Cited in 6.1, 6.5.4

Have, P. ten, undated. 'Methodological Issues in Conversation Analysis', available at http://www.ai.univ-paris8.fr/corpus/papers/tenHave/mica.htm, no longer available, 20 July 2013, based on ten Have, P. , 1990. "Methodological issues in conversation analysis." Bulletin de Méthodologie Sociologique, 27, pp. 23–51. Cited in: 6.2.5.3, 6.2.5.3.1

Hawkes, N., 2012, 'Scottish crime statistics manipulated?' Straight Statistics, 19 April 2013, 15:24 available at http://straightstatistics.fullfact.org/article/scottish-crime-statistics-manipulated (accessed 18 June 2015). Cited in 7.5.1

Hawkesworth, M., 1989 Cited in: 2.4.1.5.2

Haycock, D. and Smith, A., 2014, 'Sports participation and health during periods of educational transition: a study of 30–35-year-olds in north-west England', Sport,
Education and Society
, 19(2), pp. 168–85. Cited in 4.2.2

Healey, N., 2013, 'Why do English universities really franchise degrees to 0verseas providers?, Higher Education Quarterly, 67(2), pp. 180–200. Cited in 4.2.2

Hebdige, D., 1979, Subculture: The Meaning of Style. London, Methuen. Cited in: 3.2.5

Hearn, J., 1998, The Violences of Men: How men talk about and how agencies respond to men's violence to known women. London, Sage. Cited in 4.3.3.1

Heath, C., 1981, 'The opening sequence in doctor-patient interaction', in: Atkinson, P. & Heath, C. (Eds.), Medical Work: Realities and routines. Farnborough, Gower, pp. 71–90. Cited in: 6.2.5.3.1

Heck, M., 1980, 'The ideological dimension of media messages' in Hall, S., Hobson, D., Lowe, A. and Willis, P. (Eds.), 1980, Culture, Media, Language. London, Hutchinson, pp. 122–27. Cited in:

Hepburn, A. and Potter, J., 2004, 'Discourse analytic practice', in Seale, C.,
Silverman, D., Gubrium, J. & Gobo, G., (Eds.), Qualitative Research Practice, pp.180–96,
London, Sage. Cited in: 6.5.4

Hepburn, A. and Wiggins, S., (Eds.), 2005, 'Developments in discursive psychology', Discourse & Society (special issue) 16, 594–747. Cited in: 6.5.1, 6.5.4

Heritage, J., 1998. 'Conversational analysis and institutional talk', in Silverman, D. (Ed.), Qualitative Research: Theory, Method and Practice, pp. 161–82. London, Sage. Cited in: 6.2.4

Herman, D., 1994, Rights of Passage: Struggles for lesbian and gay legal equality. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Cited in: CASE STUDY: Hiding opposing views

Hester, S. and Eglin, P., 1992, A Sociology of Crime. London, Routledge. Cited in: 2.3.1.2.4, 2.3.1.3.1,

Hetherington, K., 2000, New Age Travellers: Vanloads of uproarious humanity. London: Cassell. Cited in: 3.2.5

Hewitt, R., 2005, White Backlash and the Politics of Multiculturalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Cited in: 3.3.1.4

Hick, R., 2015, 'Three perspectives on the mismatch between measures of material poverty', British Journal of Sociology, 66(1), pp. 163–72. Cited in: 7.6.1

Hill Collins, P., 1991, 'Toward an Afrocentric feminist epistemology', in Fornow, M. and Cooke, J. (Eds.), 1991, Black Feminist Thought: Knowledge, consciousness, and the politics of empowerment. New York, Routledge, Chapman and Hall. Cited in: 2.4.1.5.3

Hill, J., 1999, The discourse of inter-agency co-operation: towards a critical understanding of the theory and practice of child protection work. University of Keele, Ph.D Thesis. Cited in: 2.4.2.2

Hindelang, M.J., Hirschi, T. and Weis, J.G., 1981, Measuring Delinquency. Beverly Hills: Sage. Cited in CASE STUDY: Test-retest,

Hirschi, T. and Stark, R., 1969, 'Hell fire and delinquency', Social Problems, 17(2), pp. 202–13. Cited in CASE STUDY Religion and Delinquency, 8.2.3, 8.3.5

Hislop, J. and Arber, S., 2003, 'Sleepers wake! The gendered nature of sleep disruption among mid-life women', Sociology, 37(4), pp. 695–711. Cited in: 1.10.1, 4.4.3.6.2, 4.4.3.6.5

Hobbs, D., 1988, Doing the Business: Entrepreneurship, the working class and detectives in the East End of London. Oxford. Oxford University Press. Cited in: 3.2.1.2, 3.2.2.1, 3.2.5, 3.3.3.3, 3.4.1, 3.4.3, CASE STUDY: Petty crime, 4.1.2,

Hobbs, D., 1995, Bad Business: Professional crime in modern Britain. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Cited in: CASE STUDY Dance drugs,

Hobbs, D., P. Hadfield, S. Lister and S. Winlow, 2003, Bouncers: Violence and governance in the night-time economy. Oxford, Oxford University Press. Cited in: CASE STUDY Dance drugs, 3.2.2.3

Hobbs, D. and May, T. (Eds.), 1993, Interpreting the Field: Accounts of ethnography. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Cited in: 1.11

Hobsbawm, E., 1981, 'The contribution of history to social science', International Social Science Journal, 33, pp. 624–40. Cited in 5.8.3

Hochschild, A., 1983, The Managed Heart. Berkeley, University of California Press. Cited in: 1.15.2

Hodge, R. and Tripp, D., 1986, Children and Television: A Semiotic Approach. Cambridge, Polity/Blackwell. Cited in: 5.10.3

Hodges, B.D., Kuper, A., Reeves, S., 2008, 'Discourse analysis', British Medical Journal, 337, pp. 570–72. Cited in: 6.9

Holbrook, B. and Jackson, P., 1996, 'Shopping around: focus group research in North London', Area, 28(2), pp. 136–42., Cited in 4.4.3.6.5

Holdaway, S., 1983, Inside the British Police: A force at work. Oxford, Blackwell. More information. Cited in: 3.2.1.2, 3.2.2.2, 3.2.2.3, 3.4.3

Hollway, W., 1989, Subjectivity and Method in Psychology: Gender, meaning and
science
. London: Sage. Cited in: 1.11

Holmwood, 1995. Cited in: 4.3.3.3

Holsti, O.R., 1968, 'Content analysis' in Lindzey, G. and Aronson, E. (Eds.), The Handbook of Social Psychology, Volume II (second edition) pp. 596–692), (New Delhi, Amerind Publishing). Cited in: 5.6.1

Holt, A., 2010, 'Using the telephone for narrative interviewing: a research note', Qualitative Research, 10(1), pp. 113–21. Cited in 4.4.3.4.1

Homan, R., 1978, 'Interpersonal communications in Pentecostal meetings',
Sociological Review, 26(3), pp. 499–518. Cited in 3.2.2.3

Homan, R., 1980, 'The ethics of covert methods', British Journal of Sociology,
31(1), pp. 36–59. Cited in: 3.2.2.3.1

Homan, R., 1981, 'Crises in the definition of reality', Sociology, 15, pp. 210–24. Cited in: 3.2.1.1,

Homan, R., 1991, The Ethics of Social Research. London: Macmillan. Cited in: 3.2.2.3.1

Home Office, 1979, Report of the Committee on Obscenity and Film Censorship, Cmnd 7772. London, HMSO. Cited in: CASE STUDY Women's Pictures

Hood, R., 1992, Race and Sentencing. Oxford, Clarendon Press. Cited in: 2.2.3.1.2

Hood, S., Mayall, B. and Oliver, S. (Eds.), 1999, Critical Issues in Social Research: Power and prejudice (Buckingham, Open University Press). Cited in: 8.4.1

Hopkins, A. and Dudley-Evans, A., 1988, 'A genre-based investigation of the discussion sections in articles and dissertations', English for Specific Purposes, 7, pp. 113–22. Cited in: 6.3.1.1

Horowitz, I.L., (Ed.), 1964, The New Sociology. Essays in social science and social theory in honor of C. Wright Mills. London, Oxford University Press. Cited in: 2.4.1.4

Hruschka, D.J., Schwartz, D., St. John, D.C. et al., 2004, 'Reliability in coding open-ended data: lessons learned from HIV behavioural research', Field Method, 16(3), pp. 307–31. Cited in: 4.5.3

Hughes, L.A., Schaible, L.M. and Gibbs, B.R., 2015, 'Economic dominance, the “American Dream,” and homicide: a cross-national test of institutional anomie
theory, Sociological Inquiry, 85(1), pp. 100–28. Cited in 7.6.1

Huisman, J., de Boer, H., Pimentel Bótas, P.C., 2012, 'Where do we go from here? The future of English higher education', Higher Education Quarterly, 66(4), pp. 341–62. Cited in: 4.4.3.4.2

Huizinga, D.and Elliott, D.S., 1986, Reassessing the reliability and validity of self-report delinquency measures', Journal of Quantitative Criminology, 2(4), pp. 293–327. Cited in: CASE STUDY

Humphrey, R., 1993, 'Life stories and social careers: ageing and social life in an ex-mining town', Sociology, 27(1), pp. 166–78. Cited in: 4.3.3.2

Humphreys, L., 1970, Tearoom Trade. London, Duckworth. Cited in: 3.2.2.2, 3.2.2.3.1

Husserl, E., 1901, Logical Investigations. Vols. One and Two, First edition, 1900–01. Translated from the Second Edition of the German (1913, 1920) by. J. N. Findlay. Ed. with translation corrections and with a new Introduction by Dermot Moran and new Preface by Michael Dummett. London and New York: Routledge, 2001. (Original English translation by J. N. Findlay. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1970.) Cited in: 2.3.1

Husserl, E., 1913, Ideas pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy. First book. Newly translated with the full title by Fred Kersten. Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1983. Also published as Husserl, E., 1963, Ideas: A General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology, translated by. W. R. Boyce Gibson. New York: Collier Books. Cited in: 2.3.1

Husserl, E., 1915, Ideas pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenomenological Philosophy, Second Book. Translated From the German original unpublished manuscript of 1912, revised 1915, 1928 by Richard Rojcewicz and André Schuwer. Dordrecht and Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers. 1989. Cited in: 2.3.1

Hutchby, I. and R. Woofitt., 1998, Conversation Analysis: Principles, practices and applications. Oxford, Blackwell. Cited in: 6.2.5

Hutchby, I., 1996, Confrontation Talk: Arguments, asymmetries, and power on talk radio. London, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Cited in: 6.2.6

Hutcheon, P. 2015, 'Scottish government plans to quit publishing crime stats amid claims data is manipulated by police', HeraldScotland, 7 June 2015, available at http://www.heraldscotland.com/news/home-news/scottish-government-plans-to-quit-publishing-crime-stats-amid-claims-data-is-manipula.128179156, accessed 21 June 2015. Cited in: 7.5.1

Hyland, K., 1998, Hedging in Scientific Research Articles, Amsterdam, Benjamins. Cited in: 6.3.3

Hyland, K., 1999, 'Academic attribution: citation and the construction of disciplinary knowledge', Applied Linguistics, 20, pp. 341–67. Cited in: 6.3.3

Hyman, H.H. and Sheatsley, P., 1956, 'Attitudes toward desegregation', Scientific American, 195, pp. 35–39. Cited in: 8.2.7

Hyman, H., 1954, Interviewing in Social Research. Chicago, University of Chicago Press. Cited in 4.5.2

Hymes, D.H, undated, The Ethnography Of Speaking, available at http://www.ohio.edu/people/thompsoc/Hymes.html, accessed 22 September 2013, no page numbers. Cited in: 6.7.1

Høiseth, M. and Keitsch , M., 2015, 'Using phenomenological hermeneutics to gain understanding of stakeholders in healthcare contexts', International Journal of Design 9(3) np, available at http://www.ijdesign.org/ojs/index.php/IJDesign/article/view/1947 accessed 7 June 2017. Cited in: 5.9.1

 

 

Top