Social Research Glossary

 

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Citation reference: Harvey, L., 2012-17, Social Research Glossary, Quality Research International, http://www.qualityresearchinternational.com/socialresearch/

This is a dynamic glossary and the author would welcome any e-mail suggestions for additions or amendments. Page updated 2 January, 2017 , © Lee Harvey 2012–2017.

 

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Pantheism


core definition

Pantheism is a philosophical view that sees nature as the material manifeststion of god.


explanatory context

In the 16th and 17th centuries Giordano Bruno and Benedict Spinoza used pantheism as a vehicle for atheist ideas.


analytical review

Mander (2012) wrote:

At its most general, pantheism may be understood positively as the view that God is identical with the cosmos, the view that there exists nothing which is outside of God, or else negatively as the rejection of any view that considers God as distinct from the universe....

There are several different ways to think about pantheism. (1) Many of the world's religious traditions and spiritual writings are marked by pantheistic ideas and feelings. This is particularly so for example, in Hinduism of the Advaita Vedanta school, in some varieties of Kabbalistic Judaism, in Celtic spirituality, and in Sufi mysticism. (2) Another vital source of pantheistic ideas is to be found in literature, for example, in such writers as Goethe, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Emerson, Walt Whitman, D.H. Lawrence, and Robinson Jeffers. Although it should be added that, far from being limited to high culture, pantheistic themes are familiar, too, in popular media, for example in such films as Star Wars, Avatar, and The Lion King. (3) Thirdly, as it is in this article, pantheism may be considered philosophically; that is, a critical examination may be made of its central ideas with respect to their meaning, their coherence, and the case to be made for or against their acceptance....


associated issues

 


related areas

See also

idealism

materialism


Sources

Mander, W., 2012, 'Pantheism' in Zalta, E.N. (Ed.) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Winter 2012 Edition), available at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/pantheism/, accessed 18 March 2013, substantive revision 7 July 2016, accessed 24 December 2016 (quoted material seemingly unchanged).


copyright Lee Harvey 2012–2017


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